Luxembourg 2020 OSAC Crime & Safety Report This is an annual report produced in conjunction with the Regional Security Office at the U.S. Embassy in. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, a. According to the NGO Freedom House, Researchers continued to document cases of journalists, human rights lawyers, activists, and political figures targeted with Pegasus spy software. In its data collection, the government often merged statistics on forcibly disappeared persons with missing persons not suspected of being victims of forced disappearance, making it difficult to compile accurate statistics on the extent of the problem. Members of the Mayan community in Campeche reported the National Tourism Board pressured them to cease protesting and agree to leave their lands. While penalties for conviction of forced labor were commensurate with those for similar crimes, very few cases were successfully prosecuted. Corruption: There were numerous reports of government corruption during the year. A 2019 constitutional amendment grants the president the authority to use the armed forces to protect internal and national security through 2024. Contents1 What is the crime rate in [] For example, journalists in Nogales, Sonora, said they were aware of unspoken red lines in covering organized crime and that crossing lines, such as mentioning the name of an alleged assailant, could result in personal harm. According to the U.N., the murder rate is 4.6 per 100,000 people, which is one of the lowest in the Caribbean and South America. Physical Conditions: According to the Federal Prison System, as of June there were 220,393 inmates in 288 state and federal facilities with a designed capacity for 217,064. Contents1 Where does Cuba rank in [] By law a union may call for a strike or bargain collectively in accordance with its own statutes. We do know that Cuba has relatively few guns, and violent crime is fairly uncommon. The state search commission paused all search efforts between May and June due to increased levels of insecurity for family search collectives, according to civil society groups. Between January and August the CNDH recorded 123 complaints of arbitrary detention. Tweets disseminated their identities and their media outlets and also made veiled threats. Enrollment of children with disabilities decreased by 40 percent during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to Yo Tambien. Occupational Safety and Health: The law requires employers to observe occupational safety and health regulations, issued jointly by the STPS and Institute for Social Security. According to several NGOs and unions, many workers faced violence and intimidation perpetrated by protection union leaders and employers supporting them, as well as other workers, union leaders, and vigilantes hired by a company to suppress opposition to an existing union in bargaining-rights elections. Authorities held some detainees under house arrest. Contents1 Where does Cuba rank in [] Federal law specifically proscribes discrimination based on ethnicity, nationality, gender, age, disability, social status, health, religion, immigration status, political opinion, sexual preference, marital status, or pregnancy. Journalists who asked difficult questions of government officials during press engagements received attacks via Twitter. According to a 2017 INEGI survey, the most recent information available, 12 percent of women were illegally asked to take a pregnancy test as a prerequisite to being hired. The 45,000-person Jewish community experienced low levels of anti-Semitism. Political Parties and Political Participation: For the electoral process, the National Electoral Institute (INE) established the Three Out of Three Against Violence initiative, which required candidates to declare any history of domestic violence, sexual offenses, or failure to pay alimony. As of August there were no developments in the case regarding the abduction and killing of seven-year-old Fatima Aldrighetti Anton. Mexico is one of Latin America's most important security markets due to its size, leading industries, development, and total demand. The midterms marked a large increase in female candidates. There were reports the government did not always investigate and punish those complicit in abuses against LGBTQI+ persons, especially outside Mexico City. The year started under the shadow of the brutal murders of the . Nevertheless, only 2 percent of schoolteachers in the country were trained to teach children with disabilities, according to the civil society organization Yo Tambien. The government worked with UNHCR to improve access to refugee status and the procedure to determine refugee status, reception conditions for vulnerable migrants and refugee applicants, and integration in local communities (including access to school, work, and other social services) for those approved for refugee and complementary protection status. Impunity and extremely low rates of prosecution remained a problem for all crimes, including human rights abuses and corruption. Mexico has relied heavily on the military to control drugs and fight organized crime, leading to widespread human rights violations. There were some complaints of illegal searches or illegal destruction of private property. In rural areas in 2019, the cause of most maternal deaths was obstetric hemorrhage. new pdhpe units of work stage 2; reading process worksheet. According to the Mexican Social Security Institute, as a result of the law 2.7 million workers of the 4.6 million subcontractors moved from formal subcontracting status to a formal direct employment status. Child protection authorities lacked sufficient capacity to shelter and process migrant children and families, and the government made modest headway to increase that capacity. The Prosecutor Generals Office owned a previous genetics database, which consisted of 63,000 profiles, and was responsible for the new database. As of August 16, the suspects remained in detention awaiting trial. Citizens hoping to obtain temporary, legal employment in the United States and other countries frequently paid recruiters hundreds or thousands of dollars in prohibitive fees to secure jobs, and many prospective workers were promised jobs that did not exist. The governments National Protection Mechanism to Protect Journalists and Human Rights Defenders provided panic buttons, bodyguards, and temporary relocation to journalists and human rights defenders. Rape and Domestic Violence: Federal law criminalizes the rape of men and women, including spousal rape, and conviction carries penalties of up to 20 years imprisonment. The states with the most teenage pregnancies were Chiapas, Coahuila, and Guerrero, and Tabasco. Job announcements specifying desired gender, age, marital status, and parental status were common. The threat against journalists by organized crime was particularly high in the state of Guerrero. In July an arrangement was reached on a course of remediation, which included a new collective bargaining agreement legitimization vote under the supervision of the STPS, with observers from the National Electoral Institute and the International Labor Organization. Advisory Commission on Public Diplomacy, 2021 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, Section 1. This Standards Bulletin from the Organization of Scientific Area Committees (OSAC) for Forensic Science provides a monthly update on: Standards moving through the OSAC Registry approval processes for published and OSAC Proposed Standards. According to multiple NGOs, due to COVID-19s impact on the economy, funding sources for womens shelters, including for indigenous women, were insufficient. The law mandates the creation of a public registry of companies supplying specialized services to verify only registered companies fulfilling tax and administrative requirements may supply those services. Organized criminal elements, including local and transnational gangs, and narcotics traffickers, were significant perpetrators of violent crimes and committed acts of homicide, torture, kidnapping, extortion, human trafficking, bribery, intimidation, and other threats, resulting in high levels of violence and exploitation, particularly targeting vulnerable groups. A 2019 constitutional reform increased the number of crimes for which pretrial detention is mandatory and bail is not available, including armed robbery, electoral crimes, fuel theft, and weapons possession. In 2019 the Prosecutor Generals Office opened a corruption investigation against Lozoya for receiving up to $10 million in bribes from the Brazilian construction firm Odebrecht. Forced labor persisted in the domestic service and in child-care, manufacturing, mining, food-processing, construction, tourism, begging, street-vending, leather-goods-production, and agriculture sectors, especially in the production of chili peppers and tomatoes. Organized criminal groups reportedly continued to oversee illicit activities from within penitentiary walls, and rival drug cartel members often fought in prison. The group reported 16 acts of aggression against female journalists between January and July and called on the Puebla governor to guarantee the adoption of public policies to respect, protect, and guarantee the exercise of journalism. In June the Federal Telecommunications Institute, an autonomous agency created to increase the transparency of media regulation, released internet neutrality guidelines for internet service providers. As a result, it was left to families to . Municipal candidates and challengers seeking to oust incumbents were the most common victims of political violence, with victims spread across the political spectrum. On March 11, an anticorruption and antinepotism constitutional reform granted the Federal Judiciary Council the administrative organ of the federal court system more oversight over district and appeals courts and limited hiring authorities of individual judges. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the median salary for full-time female employees was 19 percent less than that of full-time male employees. Federal law prohibits discrimination against LGBTQI+ individuals. On June 17, while journalist Gustavo Sanchez Cabrera was riding his motorcycle, two unidentified individuals in a car crashed into him, exited the car, and fatally shot him. Migrants were also recruited by criminal organizations to conduct illicit activities. Bail is available for most crimes, except for those involving organized crime and a limited number of other offenses. The governments National Council of Norms and Labor Competencies certified law enforcement internal affairs investigators and created standard internal affairs training to promote transparency and accountability. August 26, 2020. Media outlets reported authorities tortured and sexually abused Ravelo. In the June midterm elections, citizens voted for all members of the Chamber of Deputies, 15 governors, state legislators, and mayors across the country. Arbitrary Deprivation of Life and Other Unlawful or Politically Motivated Killings, c. Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, Arrest Procedures and Treatment of Detainees, f. Arbitrary or Unlawful Interference with Privacy, Family, Home, or Correspondence, a. . Several indigenous communities denounced the governments plan to build the Mayan Train, an estimated $7.5 billion dual cargo-passenger railroad to cross the Yucatan Peninsula through indigenous lands. An additional February reform mandated pretrial detention for femicides, sexual violence against minors, forced disappearances, and corruption. Before a strike may take place, a union must file a notice to strike with the appropriate CAB, or the appropriate labor court once they are operational. In July 2020 he was arrested in another country pursuant to a Mexican extradition request on charges that he diverted millions of dollars in public funds. Online discrimination, harassment, and threats were problems particularly for women journalists and politicians, as well as any individuals and organizations advocating for womens rights. There were no reports of political prisoners or detainees. The government deployed hundreds of security forces to contain the caravan. Journalists in Iguala, Guerrero, received anonymous messages through social networks, such as Facebook and WhatsApp, threatening them and their families, according to civil society. The CABs operate under a tripartite system with government, worker, and employer representatives, with worker representation on the CABs selected based on majority representation, which was held by entrenched nondemocratic unions that sign protection contracts with complicit employers to secure low wages. Zone 18 and the city of Villa Nueva in Guatemala City due to crime. In addition to criminal libel and defamation laws, civil law defines moral damage as similar to defamation concerning harm to a persons feelings, affections, beliefs, dignity, honor, reputation, and privacy, according to the NGO Committee to Protect Journalists. There were reports of security forces using excessive force against demonstrators. When authorities fail to accept a recommendation, the CNDH makes that known publicly. There were credible reports that members of security forces committed some abuses. In October 2020 authorities announced they would release Brenda Quevedo Cruz, who had been in prison without trial since 2007. On February 6, the federal Law Against Digital Harassment took effect. In Baja California Sur, Guanajuato, Michoacan, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, and Yucatan, the crimes of defamation and libel are prosecuted, with penalties ranging from three days to five years in prison and fines for committing defamation or slander, both considered crimes against honor. Slander is punishable under the criminal laws of the states of Campeche, Nuevo Leon, Sonora, Yucatan, and Zacatecas, with sentences ranging from three months to six years in prison and fines. Informal workers lacked access to social protection mechanisms such as health care and retirement benefits. Between January 1 and August 4, it received 4,119 reports of missing persons and located 3,805 alive and 277 deceased. According to Google Report, Google received 24 requests from authorities in 2020 to remove content 13 from police, eight from government officials, and three from unspecified sources. The Puebla state government sued the news outlet E-Consulta seven times due to its reporting. The constitution provides indigenous persons the right to self-determination, autonomy, and education. Created in 1985, the Diplomatic Security Service's (DSS) Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) promotes security cooperation between the State Department and U.S. private sector interests around the world. Under the labor reform, to negotiate a collective bargaining agreement, the union must first obtain a certificate of representativeness from the Federal Center demonstrating it has support from at least 30 percent of workers to be covered by the agreement. Around 191,000 people were internally displaced between 2004 and 2018, the Honduran government reported, and more than 75,000 Hondurans sought asylum abroad in 2017. The most common reason to remove content was defamation, followed by privacy and security. Workers had to buy food and other items at the company store at high markups, at times leaving them with no money at the end of the harvest after settling debts. should i kill ulfr the blind,

Hot Water Not Getting Hot Enough Combi Boiler, Owen Conflenti First Wife, 310 Pilot Wife Jamie, Apex Legends Japanese Voice Actors, Uca Prepaid Dealer Mlearning, Articles O